Wednesday, 25 February 2015

Week 4 - Day 1 - Perspective

Today, you will learn to sketch boxes in perspective. Here is a sneak peek into what you will be able to do by the end of this blog!

The voice in your head is back, isn't it? Don't worry, we will go step by step so you can learn how to do the above!

As a kid, you would have asked your parents, 'Why are things so tiny when they go away from us???'

Here is a bit of science to help you out.

Courtesy BBC
So, the further an object is, a tinier image is reflected on your Retina! Therefore, when you sketch and you place one big object next to a tinier object, it tends to create perspective, depending on what other indicative element you draw.

Perspective : the art of representing three-dimensional objects on a two-dimensional surface so as to give the right impression of their height, width, depth, and position in relation to each other.

For today, we will learn about 1-point perspective, where we will learn how to draw the cube!
You will be learning new words, so read and try to understand the definition.

Eye Level/ Horizon Line: the level of the eyes looking straight ahead.

The horizontal line is your eye level. Anything above this line is above the eye level and anything below becomes below the eye level. Isn't it easy so far??? :D ;)

Now, we are going to not look at the eye anymore, as your eye becomes that eye. Look straight ahead at your Horizon Line, imagine it is running from left to right. The floor is below your eye level and the ceiling fan is above your eye level (provided your are sitting upright and not lying down!)

On a piece of paper, draw a horizontal straight line going from left to right and mark it as EL/HL (to indicate eye level/horizon line).

You should be having something which looks like this on the paper!
Next, add squares, rectangles (vertical or horizontal), around 5 or 6 on the line, above and below the line! Randomly! If you have OCD, you will have a littttttle bit of difficulty in being random, but that's okay! You will still be able to learn the concept.

Your shapes need not be colored. Outlines will do.
Add a dot, called the Vanishing point. This will be the point where all objects disappear off to on the horizon!
Horizon: the line at which the earth's surface and the sky appear to meet.
Next, we will draw lines from the nearest edges of the rectangles to the vanishing point!

I hope you did not have any difficulty in this step! I have left some corners of the rectangles as the lines end up going behind the rectangle or overlaps on the rectangle. 
Now draw horizontal and vertical lines. For eg. on the pink rectangle, draw a horizontal line touch the two diagonals which go towards the vanishing point. Once you draw the horizontal line #1, draw a vertical line from the point where line #1 touches the diagonal. This will be line #2. Similarly draw horizontal and vertical lines at random places touching two diagonals as in the image above.
You drew boxes in space! How cool is that?? Wait, let me remove the guiding lines so you can see the magic that you have created!
Don't they look like colourful floating cupboards on the wall? I have left the horizon line so you know where the boxes are above and below the eye level. Notice how the lines taper. 
Once you are done with this exercise, I want you all to look at objects around you. Shoe rack, cupboard, bed, mattress, tv stand, cabinets, dining table, chair, sofa, basically everything around you. Look at these objects. Observe where your eye level is, notice how much of an object you see depending on if it is above or below the eye level. Look at buildings, else google images of building and just observe the shapes.

Today, we learnt to sketch with one vanishing point. Tomorrow we are going to learn about drawing with 2 vanishing points. It is called 2-point perspective! Be thorough in what we learnt today, so tomorrow will be a cake walk :)

Happy sketching!

PS If you want a more intensive lesson on perspective, check out the workshop in Chennai.

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