Sunday, 1 February 2015

Day 4 - How to observe light and dark - it will help in shading

Sorry to have pushed you guys into the deep end of the pool the last couple of days, but you did manage to swim out. That is how you learn. So today, will teach you the strokes to swim. :) Shading!

What you need to understand is light and dark is relative to its surroundings. Let's say I wear a dirty white T-shirt but stand next to someone wearing a black T. Don't you think it would automatically make me seem brighter? However, if I stood next to someone wearing a very clean white T-shirt, I would seem to be a darker tone of white.

Similarly, when you are shading any object, you need to find out the lightest and darkest areas and then while shading compare to either extremes and see how much less/more you need to shade.

So today's exercise will help you understand this logic and will help you shade. Take a piece of paper and draw a square at one end. It can be as small as 1 cm by 1 cm or as big as 2 cm by 2 cm. Now draw another square at the other end of the page. The first square, the one on the left is to be left blank, now shade the second square as if you are colouring it. Just keep colouring it over and over again till you achieve the darkest that you want to achieve. These are the extremes you will work with. Please see the video. Here I am colouring the square on the right.

Now draw a square in between the two squares. Compare the first and last square and shade to ensure its exactly in between the lightest and darkest shade.

Keep in mind while shading, it is not the amount of pressure you apply, we are just going over each shade repeatedly to get the darker shade. We are not out to attack the paper. 
Keep looking at the squares before and after the square you are shading, to make sure that the shade you are currently at is in between. Remember, seeing is everything!
Now look at all the five squares. You should have gradual gradation from left to right.
You can do more squares if you'd like. 
For your next exercise, draw a 2 cm by 10 cm rectangle and shade inside. From lightest on the left to darkest on the right. This time it will not be distinct squares within the rectangle but you will have to gradually go from light to dark, without any boundary.
Note that the shades of grey blend into each other. Take your time, don't rush it. Just remember your eyes will guide you. For the lighter shades, you might want to reduce your pressure on the paper far more than how you would normally while shading. Initially you might see stark difference between your shades. It is okay. With practice, you will master it.
Hope you enjoyed your lesson today! More on next!

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